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50,000-year-old 'Atlantis of the South' discovered in Australia

]50,000-year-old 'Atlantis of the South' discovered in Australia

The earliest known human settlements in Australia, now submerged by the sea, have been discovered.

The unprecedented find of bones and artefacts were discovered in a cave at the coast of Barrow Island, which lies about 50 kilometres from mainland Western Australia. These are remains from some of the first human inhabitation of Australia 50,000 years ago, according to a study published in Quaternary Science Reviews.

Much of the land inhabited by the first Aboriginal people of Australia is now deep underwater. A rare site that survived, known as Boodie Cave on Barrow Island, was abandoned about 7,000 years ago when sea levels rose to their present levels.

"The cave was used predominately as a hunting shelter between about 50,000 and 30,000 years ago before becoming a residential base for family groups after 10,000 years ago," said study author Peter Veth of the University of Western Australia in a statement.

Boodie Cave was filled with human artefacts, such as charcoal and stone tools, as well as the remains of the animals that they ate. The thrown away animal bones reveal important information about how the people lived 50,000 years ago, and also about the environment they were living in.

During this time sea levels fluctuated hugely. At times when the coast retreated, there were fewer bones of fish and other marine creatures the people would have eaten. When the sea levels were higher and the coast was close, there were many more fish bones left in the cave.


May/20/2017, 12:52 Link to this post Send PM to Kaunisto


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